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 A Mirror of the Perfection (1318) - 212 

seem to be written with one aim: to prod the reader to reflect on his own pursuit of the Rule's perfection.

Notes

1. Cf. supra.

2. Speculum perfectionis seu S. Francisci Assisiensis legenda antiquissima auctore fratre Leone, Collection de études et documents pour l'histoire religieuse et litteraire du Moyen Âges 1, ed. Paul Sabatier (Paris: Fischbacher, 1898). For further information on Sabatier's role in the advancement of Franciscan studies in the twentieth century, see C.J.T. Talar, "Saint of Authority and the Saint of the Spirit: Paul Sabatier's Vie de S. François d'Assise," GR 10 (1996): 207-22.

3. Michele Faloci Pulignani, "Risposta alla Lettera di Paolo Sabatier," Miscellanea Franciscana 7 (1898): 35-51; "Nuove ricerche sulla data della compilazione dello Speculum perfectionis," Miscellanea Franciscana 7 (1898): 182-7; "Lo Speculum perfectionis e la sua data ," Miscellanea Franciscana 8 (1901): 43-4.Édouard D'Alençon, "Le Speculum Perfectionis Étude critique," Annales Franciscaines 22-3 (1897-8): 504-9; 558-573; "Studio critico sullo Speculum perfectionis," Miscellanea Franciscana 7 (1898): 51-7.

4. Leonard Lemmens, Documenta Antiqua Franciscana (Ad Claras Aquas, Quaracchi: 1901). See also Mario Bigaroni, Speculum Perfectionis, Minus, introduction by Raoul Manselli (Sta Maria degli Angeli, Assisi: Edizioni Porziuncula, 1985), 1731-1825.

5. Cf. Raoul Manselli, "Introduction," Bigaroni, Speculum, vii-xix.

6. This is the definition proposed by Théophile Desbonnets and used by Luigi Pellegrini in his article "A Century Reading the Sources for the Life of Francis of Assisi," in GR 7 (1993): 323-46.

7. Le Speculum Perfectionis ou Memoires de Frère Leon. 2 vols ed. Paul Sabatier (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1928-31); Fontes Franciscani a cura di Enrico Menesto e Stefano Brufani e di Giuseppe Cermascoli, Emore Paoli, Luigi Pellegrini, Stanislao da Campagnola, Apparati di Giovanni M. Boccali (Sta Maria degli Angeli, Assisi: Edizioni Porziuncola:1995), 1829-2053. Five of the eleven manuscripts, the "Portiuncula Collection," shared many of the same traits, most importantly: they were written by non-professional copyists and all came from friaries of strict observance. The remaining six manuscripts formed the "Northern Collection." They too shared many of the same traits; in this instance, they were obviously the result of well-trained copyists and, significantly, came from non-Franciscan residences. Curiously, Sabatier noted, only one manuscript of the Portiuncula Collection, from the friary of Ognissanti in Florence, bore the date 1318; while only two of Northern Collection supported his original discovery of 1228. As he pursued his research, the French scholar concluded that the tradition of the Ognissanti manuscript was more accurate, for he recognized the mistake of a copyist in writing MCCXXVIII and not MCCCXVIII, the date written in the majority of the manuscripts.

8. Hugh of St. Victor, Explanation of the Rule of Saint Augustine, trans. Aloysius Smith (London and Edinburgh: Sands and Company, 1911), 119-20.

9. Hugh of St. Victor, Explanation, 120.

10. Rita Mary Bradley, "Background of the Title Speculum in Medieval Literature," Speculum 29 (1954): 111. This article offers a survey of the use of "mirror" in medieval literature.

11. 11. Cf. FA:ED II 111-230.

12. 12. Cf. 1C 90; FA:ED I 260.

13. 13. AC 96-103=1MP 1-7; AC 4-14=1MP 8-19; AC 117-120=1MP 20-23; AC 50-65=1MP 24-33 and AC107-115=1MP 35-43. Only 1MP 34, 44, and 45 are not presented within the same block of text as found in the AC.

14. Cf. Documenta Antiqua Franciscana, Pars II, ed. Leonardus Lemmens, (Ad Claras Aquas, Quaracchi: Collegium S. Bonaventurae, 1901), 20-1.

15. Sabatier, Speculum.

16. Alphonse Fierens, "Les origines du Speculum Perfectionis," Rapport sur les travaux du séminaire historique de l'Université de Louvain (Louvain, n.p., 1907).

17. Cf. Daniele Solvi, "Lo 'Speculum Perfectionis' et le sue Fonti" in Archivum Franciscanum Historicum 88 (1995): 377-472 (hereafter AFH). See also Sophronius Clasen, Legenda Antiqua S. Franscisci. Untersuchung uber die nachbonaverturianischen Franziskusquellen, Legenda trium Sociorum, Speculum Perfectionis, Actus B. Francisci et sociorum eius und verwandtes Schriftum. Studia et Documenta Franciscana 5 (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1967).

18. Benvenuto A. Terracini, "Il 'cursus' e la questione dello Speculum Perfectionis," Studi Medievali 4 (1912-3): 65-109.

19. Istud opus compilatum est per modum legendae ex quibusdam antiquis quae in diversis locis scripserunt et scribi fecerunt socii beati Francisci. Cf. Sabatier, Speculum, xxiii.

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