The Life of Saint Francis by Julian of Speyer - 367 

  1. Cf. Jordan of Giano, Chronica fratris Jordanis, ed. Heinrich Boehmer, Collection d’Etudes et de documents sur l’histoire religieuse et litteraire du moyen age 6 (Paris: Librairie Fischbacher, 1908) 54. Jordan identifies Simon as simply "the Englishman" and provides little information concerning his earlier life prior to his ministry in Magdeburg.
  2. Cf. LJS 76
  3. Cf. Jordan, 57.
  4. Cf. Miskuly, 96; J.E. Weis, Julian von Speyer (+1285) Forschungen zur Franciscus- und Antonius kritik, zur Geschichte der Reimoffiziums und des Chorals, (Munich: Verlag der J.J. Lentner’schen Buchhandlung, 1900) 8-10.
  5. See Stephen J. P. van Dijk, Sources of the Modern Roman Liturgy. The Ordinals of Haymo of Faversham & Related Documents (1243-1307), Volume 1 (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1963) 7.
  6. Ibid
  7. Jordan, 53. Other early chroniclers are consistent in indicating that Julian is not only the author of offices for Saint Francis and for Saint Anthony but also of lives of the two. Bernard of Besse by 1283 (or 1297) wrote: "In France, Brother Julian . . . wrote a life of Saint Francis along with the night office of the saint in words and music, with the exception of some hymns and antiphons, which are the work of the most high pope and certain cardinals." Bernard of Besse, Liber de Laudibus, Analecta Franciscana III: 666. In 1398, Bartholomew of Pisa, added: "Brother Julian the German . . . wrote histories of Blessed Francis and Blessed Anthony, including the chant, antiphons, versicles and responsories." Cf. De Conformitate Vitae Beati Francisci ad Vitam Domini Jesu, Analecta Franciscana IV: 308, 544. Nicholas Glassberger in 1506 or 1508 was more specific about Julian’s work: "He later composed a history of Blessed Francis and Blessed Anthony in a noble style and beautiful melody . . . and a Legenda of Saint Francis which begins Ad hoc quorundam." Cf. Nicholas Glassberger, Chronica, Analecta Franciscana II 91. See also Chronica XXIV Ministrorum Generalium O.F.M., AF 3: 381. This chronicle dates from around 1369; Delorme, "Catalogus Friburgensis Sanctorum Fratrum Minorum," Archivum Franciscanum Historicum 4 (1911): 553 (hereafter AFH).
  8. See Lothar Hardick, "Julien de Spire," Catholicisme, 26: 1240-41.
  9. See Vatican codex 4354, fol.112, partially edited by Franciscus van Ortroy: Julien de Spire, biographe de S. François d’Assise," Analecta Bollandiana 19 (1900): 328-29.
  10. In contrast to the 27,411 words contained in 1C, that of Julian contains only 12,493.
  11. Cf. LJS Prologue.
  12. This led John R. H. Moorman to raise the possibility that the works of Thomas of Celano and Julian may be based on an earlier common source. Current scholarship does not confirm his thesis. Cf. John H.R. Moorman, The Sources for the Life of St. Francis, Publications of the University of Manchester, Historical Series 79 (Manchester: University Press, 1940) reprinted (Ridgewood NY: Gregg Press, 1966).
  13. Cf. LJS 22.
  14. Cf. LJS Prologue, 16, 73; Francis is identified as an "evangelist" who embraced the "counsels of evangelical perfection."
  15. Cf. LJS 14.
  16. Cf. LJS 32.
  17. Cf. 1C 115.
  18. Cf. LJS 36.
  19. LJS 15.
  20. 1C 22.




Francis of Assisi: Early Documents, vol. 1, p. 367