The Earlier Rule - 65 

and a small cape reaching to the cord. 9When the year and term of probation has ended, he may be received into obedience. 10After this it will be unlawful for him to join another Order or to “wander outside obedience” according to the decree of the Lord Pope and the Gospel, for no one putting his hand to the plow and looking to what was left behind is fit for the kingdom of God. Lk 9:62 a

11However, if anyone comes who cannot give away his belongings without difficulty and has the spiritual will to do so, let him leave them behind, and it will suffice for him.

12No one may be received contrary to the rite and practice of the Holy Church.

13All the other brothers who have already promised obedience may have one tunic with a hood and, if it is necessary, another without a hood and a cord and trousers. 14Let all the brothers wear poor clothes and, with the blessing of God, they can patch them with sackcloth and other pieces, for the Lord says in the Gospel: Those who wear expensive clothing and live in luxury and who dress in fine garments are in the houses of kings. Lk 7:25 Mt 11:8 15Even though they may be called hypocrites, let them nevertheless not cease doing good nor seek expensive clothing in this world, so that they may have a garment in the kingdom of heaven. Mt 22:11

[Chapter III: The Divine Office and Fasting]b

1The Lord says: This kind of devil cannot come out except Mk 9:28 through fasting and prayer; 2and again: When you fast do not become gloomy like the hypocrites. Mt 6:16 3For this reason let all the brothers, whether clerical or lay, recite the Divine Office, the praises and prayers, as is required of them.

4Let the clerical brothers recite the Office and say it for the living and the dead according to the custom of clerics. 5Every day let them say the Have mercy on me, O God Ps 51:10 [Vulgate, Ps 50:10] with the Our Father Mt 6:9 for the failings and negligence of the brothers; 6and let them say the Out of the depthsPs 130 [Vulgate Ps 129] with the Our Father Mt 6:9 for the deceased brothers. 7They may have only the books necessary to fulfill their office.

8The lay brothers who know how to read the psalter may have one. 9Those who do not know how to read, however, may not be permitted to have any books.




Regula non bullata, Fontes Franciscani, p. 187-188

8Et cum reversus fuerit, minister concedat ei pannos probationis usque ad annum, scilicet duas tunicas sine caputio et cingulum et braccas et caparonem usque ad cingulum.9Finito vero anno et termino probationis recipiatur ad obedientiam. 10Postea non licebit ei ad aliam religionem accedere neque extra obedientiam evagari iuxta mandatum domini papae et secundum evangelium; quia nemo mittens manum ad aratrum et aspiciens retro aptus est regno Dei.

11Si autem aliquis venerit qui sua dare non potest sine impedimento et habet spiritualem voluntatem, relinquat illa, et sufficit sibi.

12Nullus recipiatur contra formam et institutionem sanctae Ecclesiae.

13Alii vero fratres qui promiserunt obedientiam habeant unam tunicam cum caputio et aliam sine caputio, si necesse fuerit, et cingulum et braccas. 14Et omnes fratres vilibus vestibus induantur, et possint eas repeciare de saccis et aliis peciis cum benedictione Dei; quia dicit Dominus in evangelio: Qui in veste pretiosa sunt et in deliciis et qui mollibus vestiuntur, in domibus regum sunt. 15Et licet dicantur hypocritae, non tamen cessent bene facere nec quaerant caras vestes in hoc saeculo, ut possint habere vestimentum in regno caelorum.

[Caput III - De divino officio et ieiunio]

1Dicit Dominus: Hoc genus daemoniorum non potest exire nisi in ieiunio et oratione; 2et iterum: Cum ieiunatis nolite fieri sicut hypocritae tristes. 3Propter hoc omnes fratres sive clerici sive laici faciant divinum officium, laudes,et orationes, secundum quod debent facere.

4Clerici faciant officium et dicant pro vivis et pro mortuis secundum consuetudinem clericorum. 5Et pro defectu et negligentia fratrum dicant omni die Miserere mei Deus cum Pater noster; 6et pro fratribus defunctis dicant De profundis cum Pater noster. 7Et libros tantum necessarios ad implendum eorum officium possint habere.

8Et laicis etiam scientibus legere psalterium liceat eis habere illud. 9Aliis vero nescientibus litteras librum habere non liceat.

Francis of Assisi: Early Documents, vol. 1, p. 65