A Salutation of the Virtues - 164 

A Salutation of the Virtuesa

As suggested in the introduction to A Salutation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, the manuscript tradition suggests that Francis saw these virtues as hers; yet they are clearly those of any Christian who has died to sin. Francis greets each virtue in a fashion typical of a medieval troubadour, describes the predisposition which each Christian must have before possessing them, and concludes by interpreting the function of each.


1Hail, Queen Wisdom!b
May the Lord protect You,
with Your Sister, holy pure Simplicity!
2Lady holy Poverty,
may the Lord protect You,
with Your Sister, holy Humility!
3Lady holy Charity,
may the Lord protect You,
with Your Sister, holy Obedience.
4Most holy Virtues,
may the Lord protect all of You
from Whom You come and proceed.

5There is surely no one in the whole world
who can possess any one of You
without dying first.
6Whoever possesses one
and does not offend the others
possesses all.
7Whoever offends one Jas 2:10
does not possess any
and offends all.c
8And each one confounds vice and sin.

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Salutatio virtutum, Fontes Franciscani, p. 223


Salutatio Virtutum

1Ave, regina sapientia,
Dominus te salvet
cum tua sorore sancta pura simplicitate.
2Domina sancta paupertas,
Dominus te salvet
cum tua sorore sancta humilitate.
3Domina sancta caritas,
Dominus te salvet
cum tua sorore sancta obedientia.
4Sanctissimae virtutes,
omnes vos salvet Dominus,
a quo venitis et proceditis.

5Nullus homo est penitus in toto mundo,
qui unam ex vobis possit habere,
nisi prius moriatur.
6Qui unam habet
et alias non offendit,
omnes habet.
7Et qui unam offendit,
nullam habet
et omnes offendit.
8Et unaquaque confundit vitia et peccata.

Francis of Assisi: Early Documents, vol. 1, p. 164

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